fugue [global options] install [options]
Global options are detailed here.
- Override the AMI to use in the specified <region>.
Specify the Conductor type to use:
BASICare still supported for backwards compatibility.
- The KMS key used to encrypt the root user secret when saving to S3.
You can use a KMS key ID, alias, or ARN. Default key alias:
- Suppress confirmation dialogs. The yes flag suppresses confirmation dialogs and bypasses interactive prompts by providing input to aid scripting.
- Show help text. The help flag is available throughout the CLI in both an application-level and command-level context. It enables a user to view help text for any command within the Fugue CLI.
install command installs the Fugue Conductor in the
user’s AWS account and boots Fugue. (Note: Fugue supports configuring
the Conductor to connect to the internet through a proxy. Refer to
Fugue Proxy Support for
install creates the necessary
for running Fugue in the user’s account. However, Fugue offers the
option to install the Conductor in an existing VPC. Refer to
Installing the Conductor in Your Own VPC
What the CLI Does During
Search for AWS Credentials¶
When you execute
fugue install, the Fugue CLI determines the target
AWS account by searching for credentials in the following order:
- The environment variables
- The profile in
~/.aws/configthat matches the environment variable
- The profile in
~/.aws/configthat matches the
fugue.yaml; then finally,
- The instance metadata service (IMDS), which is present only on EC2 instances and provides credentials reflecting the IAM Role of the instance.
The CLI tests the validity of the credentials and, in so doing, determines the account number and alias that they are associated with. This is the account that the install command targets.
Search for Conductor AMI ID¶
Next, the CLI searches for the Conductor AMI ID in the following order:
- The AMI specified in
fugue install --ami id
If no AMI ID is found, the CLI uses the most recent AMI ID publicly available.
The CLI also searches for the AWS region in several locations to determine where the Conductor will be installed.
Confirm and Launch CloudFormation Stack¶
Next, the CLI asks the user to confirm that they want to install the Conductor using the displayed AMI ID, AWS account, and region:
[ fugue install ] Installing Fugue Conductor Install Details: Conductor AMI ID: ami-e0364df7 AWS Account: <user>/xxxxxxxxxxxx Region: us-east-1 [ WARN ] Would you like to proceed with installing? [y/N]:
When the user enters
y, the Fugue CLI launches a CloudFormation
stack inside that AWS account using the specified AMI. As the required
resources are created, the CLI displays a table showing installation
Installing the Fugue Conductor into AWS account user/xxxxxxxxxxxx. FugueAutoScalingGroup Working... FugueCliResponsesDb Complete FugueHealthCheckDb Complete FugueIam Complete FugueIamInstaller Complete FugueIamUser Complete FugueInstanceProfile Complete FugueInternetRoute Complete FugueLaunchConfiguration Complete FugueNotificationDriftTopic Complete FugueNotificationKillTopic Complete FugueNotificationReleaseTopic Complete FugueNotificationResumeTopic Complete FugueNotificationRunTopic Complete FugueNotificationSuspendTopic Complete FugueNotificationSystemTopic Complete FugueNotificationUpdateTopic Complete FugueResourceEventsTopic Complete FugueRouteTable Complete FugueSubnet1 Complete FugueSubnet1RouteTableAssociation Complete FugueSubnet2 Complete FugueSubnet2RouteTableAssociation Complete FugueVpc Complete FugueVpcGateway Complete FugueVpcGatewayAttachment Complete FugueVpcSecurityGroup Complete ----------------------------------------------- Overall Progress [########################.] 96% [ HELP ] Exiting the install command while in progress (CTRL+C) will only stop progress tracking and *not* the install itself.
Note: While the CLI currently indicates that (CTRL+C) will not stop the installation, we do not recommend using this command as it may interrupt the successful creation of credentials. In the event (CTRL+C) is used you can manually create your credentials using fugue support reset-secret. These recommendations will be updated in a future release. For more information, see RBAC policy error after install.
root User Credentials¶
Note for Windows Users: When installing on a Windows machine via
PowerShell, Fugue will temporarily disable
QuickEdit mode to prevent
issues during the setup.
QuickEdit mode will re-enable automatically
when the process is complete.
Creating default user credentials ... ==================== User Credential Details: [default-xxxxxxxxxxxx-us-east-1] user = root secret = fPXxKUldfPSQwtXhVKs8XOEXAMPLEEXAMPLEEXAMPLE= ====================
fugue.yaml if present¶
This next part only applies if you’ve chosen to store configuration
fugue.yaml file. The CLI deletes the
fugue.yaml.old file if
it exists, renames the current
fugue.yaml file to
fugue.yaml.old, and creates a new
Found existing fugue.yaml.old file in /Users/user/projects . Deleting existing fugue.yaml.old ... [ OK ] Existing fugue.yaml.old file deleted. Found existing fugue.yaml file in /Users/user/projects . Renaming existing fugue.yaml file to fugue.yaml.old ... [ OK ] Existing fugue.yaml file renamed.
After credentials have been created and any
fugue.yaml files have
been cleaned up, the CLI indicates that the Conductor has been
[ OK ] Fugue Conductor installed.
Create IAM Roles and Boot Up¶
Before Fugue can be used, though, the CLI must create IAM roles and the Conductor must boot up. In the next step, the CLI creates a Fugue user IAM role and a Fugue installer IAM role, and then it displays the role names.
Fugue IAM Role Details: Installer: fugue-installer-us-east-1 User: fugue-user-us-east-1
Then, the CLI asks the user to wait while the Conductor boots up.
Booting the Conductor, please wait as this may take between 5-15 minutes... [ HELP ] The Conductor needs to boot before it can accept commands from the CLI. Exiting the install command while in progress (CTRL+C) will only stop progress tracking and *not* the install itself or the booting process.
When booting is complete, the CLI states that Fugue is ready to receive commands again.
[ DONE ] Fugue has been successfully installed and is ready to receive commands.
status to confirm the Fugue Conductor is done booting¶
In general, it is not recommended to use CTRL+C to halt the installation
process as this can prevent the creation of your credentials. However,
if you exit the install command with CTRL+C while the Conductor is still
installing or booting, you may run
fugue status to determine whether
the Conductor is ready to receive commands. If the Conductor hasn’t
finished installing or booting,
status returns an error message:
[ ERROR ] There was a problem executing this command. Reason: The Conductor is in the process of installing.
In addition, you may be forced to manually create your credentials using
fugue support reset-secret. (See
RBAC policy error after install.) However, if the Conductor is ready to
status returns this message:
Fugue Status Report for <user>/<account> - Fri Mar 17 2017 5:31pm State Updated Created Account FID/Alias Flags Last Message Next Command ------- --------- --------- --------- ----------- ------- -------------- -------------- Nothing to see here. Go create something! :-)
As always, if you run into issues of any kind, reach out to us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Changing The Region The Conductor Is Running In¶
At present Fugue supports running Conductors in
specify a region for the Conductor prior to installation, you can use
init and provide the desired region. Other supported ways of setting
the Conductor region are listed here.
Note: Conductor region cannot be changed after installation.
Changing The Size Of The Conductor Instance¶
The Conductor instance type is m4.large by default. This value should not be changed unless specifically directed by Fugue support. If you have any questions, reach out to email@example.com.
Manually Setting Installation Availability Zones¶
If you have problems installing Fugue due to an Availability Zone (AZ)
being unavailable for new resources in your account, or wish to
customize the AZs used by Fugue for installation, you can manually
specify the AZs that Fugue uses for the Fugue Conductor installation in
fugue.yaml or an environment variable. These AZs will be used when
you run the
fugue install command.
If you configured Fugue with
fugue.yaml, you can add an
fugue.yaml under the
conductor heading called
installAZ as a list of up to two known-good availability zones in
your account. For example:
conductor: installAZ: - us-east-1c - us-east-1d
If you configured Fugue with
environment variables, set the
FUGUE_CONDUCTOR_INSTALLAZ environment variable to either one or two
availability zones (if two, separate with a comma):
Next time you run
fugue install, the command will install the Fugue
Conductor VPC with subnets in the first two AZs listed.
There are two caveats you should keep in mind if you have to use this feature. Firstly, bear in mind that you can specify one or two AZs. If you specify one, the CLI will log a warning during installation, but Fugue will install and run. If you specify two, installation should proceed as normal. If you specify more than two, only the first two will be used, and all subsequent entries in the list will be ignored.
Secondly, the AZs you list will be assumed valid. If you provide an invalid or unavailable AZ for your account, installation will fail with a CloudFormation stack error, like:
[ ERROR ] AWS CloudFormation stack creation failed
Note that you can get a list of AZs available to you using the AWS CLI command describe-availability-zones, but this is the same command that Fugue uses, and it sometimes returns unreliable data. As a rule of thumb, you should look for a pair of AZs that are listed as available to you, but that you don’t heavily utilize.
Changing the KMS Key For Encrypting Secrets¶
When the CLI generates default user credentials, it encrypts them and
saves them to S3. By default, the KMS customer master
used for encryption is
alias/fugue/rbac/secrets (which appears in
the AWS Management Console as “fugue/rbac/secrets”).
To encrypt your credentials with a different key, you can use the
--kms-key option with
install. You can specify the key by its
key ID, alias, or ARN. If the specified key does not exist, it will be
created for you. If you provide an alias, be sure to prepend it with
alias/. For example, if the AWS console lists a key named
myAlias, then you must format it as
fugue install --kms-key alias/myAlias
Two other supported ways of changing the key:
conductor: ami: ami-5800e125 region: us-east-1 secretsKeyId: 96b8bb05-42e8-49e5-aae9-d69fbc57a940
- Set the environment value
FUGUE_CONDUCTOR_SECRETSKEYIDto your KMS key ID, alias, or ARN. For example:
The order of precedence is the
--kms-key argument, the
FUGUE_CONDUCTOR_SECRETSKEYID environment value, and the
secretsKeyId field in
Note: If you uninstall Fugue, schedule your KMS key for deletion, and then install Fugue again with the same KMS key, you’ll see an error message. See Troubleshooting for more information.
Changing the System Vars DDB Table Prior to Installation¶
Changing your Vars table can have severe consequences, including dropping your entire dataset. Do not change your Vars table unless you have been instructed to do so by Fugue Support.
The default DynamoDB table that Vars uses for key/value storage
fugue-vars-headless-store. This is where Fugue stores internal
data related to running the Conductor. To use a different table, you can
specify the new table name in fugue.yaml or in an environment
variable prior to installing or upgrading
Fugue. Note: The new table name must begin with
When pointing Vars to a new table, there is no automatic data migration. This means that a newly booted Conductor will act like a fresh install, and any existing infrastructure will no longer be enforced, cleaned up, or even seen by the Conductor.
conductor: ami: ami-491bbb5f region: us-east-1 experimental: varsSystemTable: fugue-vars-headless-store-2
To configure the table via
environment variables, set the
FUGUE_EXPERIMENTAL_VARSSYSTEMTABLE environment variable to the
desired name of the DynamoDB table:
Now that you’ve specified the table name, turn on the
FUGUE_CLI_PREVIEW flag. This flag is required for enabling
Fugue will create the new DynamoDB table for Vars as part of the Conductor installation process.